It is after WWII and Sweden has announced to the world of photography it will produce a 2 1/4 X 2 1/4 120 roll film medium format modular camera the Hasselblad. Modular in that it will have film backs, lenses and finders interchangeable on a camera body with a focal plane shutter.

We Jump ahead about 10 year and find that a camera has appeared a Russian medium format camera looking a lot like the Hasselblad 1600F / 1000F and with all its features it is to called the Salyut (Salut or Suliut). Hasselblad has about a year earlier stopped the production of the 1000F and started production of the 500c. Hasselblad will no longer have a focal plane shutter that had given them problems but instead will go to shutter in the lens system.

Although similar the early model Salut backs will not fit on the Hasselblad but viewer finder will as they do today. There is not much known about this camera other it appeared. So we will leave it at that and frankly what does it really matter at this point.

The camera has gone like all camera do from model to model improvements and evolutions.

 

The Salyut (Saliut) was introduced in 1957 it had a beryllium copper focal plane curtin. Curtin was not a solid sheet or foil but put together in connected links to make a travling shutter curtain.

Camera was flashed sync-ed for flash bulbs (M) and for focal plane flash bulbs(FP). A small lever on the out side of the PC connection had to be turned to set shutter to flash sync.

Lens was an Industar I-29 90mm F2.8 and was semi-automatic after exposure lens had a lever to reset lens to full aperture.

The camera was sold only in USSR and only found it way-out with tourist. It was I believe about $100.00 U.S. at this time about 20 times the average workers salary. The Salut was sold as a kit (body, lens w/2filters, 2 backs 6cm x 12 exposures and a waist level finder w/ magnifier.)

Shutter speed are Western Standard B 1/2 - 1/500 of a sec.

Salut type 2 this is the second edition of this camera. An accessory shoe is added to side of camera 1/1000 of a sec. is added. M-sync is dropped and X-sync is added.

This Salut was exported to the US and European markets. The name plate was also changed for these markets.

Salut C same as the type 2 but the accessoy shoe is now a hot shoe flash shoe.

Although the bodies look the same they are not. The C body will now take the newly added lenses with auto apertures. The body interier was redesigned to depress a plunger rod on lens and when shutter is reset to open lens back to full aperture.

Film advance shutter cocking knob is up-dated. Knob is made a little larger and now in black enamal.

New lens is the Vega / Volna 12B 90mm F2.8

Kiev 80 Kiev 88 camera production is move to a new factory. With this move to the city of Kiev, Ukrain the name plate is changed and it becomes part of the Kiev range finder camera company.

Camera is the same basic camera as the Salut C but name plate has changed and standard lens is changed again. The camera now comes with the Volna 3 MC 80mm F2.8.

Both camera name plate Salut and Kiev bodies were produced between 1975-1979

Kiev 88 Kiev 80 is dropped. Kiev name plate is still in Cyrillic.

Camera is still in kit form when sold but, the Volna 3 is now an Arsat - B 80mm F2.8 MC

Kiev 88C introduced about 1982 the new body changes the name plate now reads Kiev. The camera now has only PC for X-sync. The shutter curtin is changed from metal to cloth.

A TTL (Through The Lens) meter prism is also added to the camera. Although a very good meter the battery to power it was only produced in russia. Later a battery adapter was available.

The film advance crank body was added in 1993-1994 and a crank kit was also available.

A newer TTL (Through The Lens) meter prism was added a bout 1989 added to the camera a battery adapter did come with this prism and was able to use russian as well as the LR-44 and US 76 model batteries. This meter prism added an on button with an auto-off feature.

In 1992 the meter models this was change to the 44 and 76 battery for Russians stop producing the older battery.

The Kiev non-metered prism finder is a true copy of the Hasselblad NC-2.

The newer sleeker spot-metering prism offset at 45 degree. Meter will switch between spot and full frame reading with side mounted switch. Meter still uses push button on off with auto shut-off. (1998)

Kiev 88CM is the lastest modifacationcame out in 1999.This modifacation changes the lens mount from the B 1/4 turn bayonett screw mount to the German Pentacon Six P6 lens mount. This mount is used on Kiev 6 series cameras as well as Exakta 66 and Pentacon Six.

Shutter trip button is moved from under the lens front to off-set 45 degrees on the side under the ne remodled film cramk.

The new NT film back film back is not just up-dated but total redesigned no more overlaps or wide spacing.

 

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